NOTES:

1  It was reported that St. Andrew was crucified on an X-shaped cross, but this information does not date earlier than the 14th century. St. Hippolytus of Rome simply said that St. Andrew was crucified suspended in an olive tree. The date of death is from the Catholic Encyclopedia. See St. Hippolytus of Rome, On the Apostles and Disciples  NOTE: Some scholars regard this as the work of another person, "Pseudo-Hippolytus."

2  St. James the Less is also known as St. James the Just, and is identified by St. Jerome to be the "brother" (or cousin) of our Lord, being the son of Mary of Cleophas, who was the Blessed Virgin Mary's sister (John 19:25). See St. Jerome, On Illustrious Men, Chapter 2.

3  St. Jerome says that St. James was stoned, then clubbed to death. See St. Jerome, On Illustrious Men, Chapter 2.

4  Calamene was probably identical to Madras (modern-day Chennai) in Mylapore, India

5  In his short work on The Apostles and the Disciples, #6, St. Hippolytus said that when St. Bartholomew went to India, he left his disciples a copy of the gospel of St. Matthew. The Ecclesiastical writer, Eusebius of Ceasaria, says the same in his Church History, Book V, Ch. 10, # 3.  The gospel was in Hebrew.

6  That St. Bartholomew was crucified with his head downward was from St. Hippolytus of Rome. That he was skinned alive is from the Catholic Encyclopedia.

7  Mentioned by Tertullian in Prescription against Heretics, Ch. 36

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